There is no doubt that the SPLM is adopting a blatant separatist trend and is seeking establishment of independent state in south Sudan. The SPLM rejection to any suggestions about postponement of the 2011 referendum confirms the said fact.

The request on postponement of the referendum was not the choice of the any political party; however, it was based on the technical views and circumstances by the Referendum Commission. So, Is the SPLM considering secession of south Sudan as strategic option?

Of course, it is not impossible to dig into the past of the SPLM stances to see whether the SPLM wants secession or not.

Everybody remembers the deep differences between SPLM leaders following the signing of the 2005 Naivasha Peace Agreement. The Rumbeik conference has unveiled the difference between the late SPLM leader Dr. Garang and Salva Kiir Mayardit, the then Vice President of the SPLM.
The crisis was so deep so that the then SPLM leader was obliged to allow, for the first time, his commanders to criticize his polices toward unity of Sudan in public.

The focus on the right of self-determination was the main result of the three-day Conference of Rumbeik. In addition to that, the minutes of the whole SPLM meetings reflect that most of the SPLM political and military leaders were supporting the secession.

Probably, the SPLM Secretary General Bagan Amum was one of those who have been calling for secession of south Sudan.

It was remarkable that the SPLM pro-secession strategy is based on propagating for secession in churches, religious gatherings and national occasions of southerners.

That was made by a number of SPLM leaders including Salva Kiir who called on the southerners, during a speech in a church last November, to vote for secession if they want not to be second-class citizens.

Thus, it can be said that the SPLM strategy is based on secession not unity